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  • The European-American naming of the Alabama River and state was derived from the Alabama people, a Muskogean-speaking tribe whose members lived just below the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers on the upper reaches of the river. In the Alabama language, the word for a person of Alabama lineage is Albaamo (or variously Albaama or Albàamo in different dialects; the plural form is Albaamaha). The suggestion that "Alabama" was borrowed from the Choctaw language is unlikely.The word's spelling varies significantly among historical sources.The first usage appears in three accounts of the Hernando de Soto expedition of 1540: Garcilaso de la Vega used Alibamo, while the Knight of Elvas and Rodrigo Ranjel wrote Alibamu and Limamu, respectively, in transliterations of the term. As early as 1702, the French called the tribe the Alibamon, with French maps identifying the river as Rivière des Alibamons. Other spellings of the name have included Alibamu, Alabamo, Albama, Alebamon, Alibama, Alibamou, Alabamu, Allibamou.

    Sources disagree on the word's meaning. Some scholars suggest the word comes from the Choctaw alba (meaning "plants" or "weeds") and amo (meaning "to cut", "to trim", or "to gather"). The meaning may have been "clearers of the thicket" or "herb gatherers", referring to clearing land for cultivation or collecting medicinal plants. The state has numerous place names of Native American origin. However, there are no correspondingly similar words in the Alabama language.

    An 1842 article in the Jacksonville Republican proposed it meant "Here We Rest." This notion was popularized in the 1850s through the writings of Alexander Beaufort Meek. Experts in the Muskogean languages have not found any evidence to support such a translation.
    "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
    Nick Saban 9/10/2016

    “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
    Nick Saban 05/29/2018

    “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
    Nick Saban 06/13/2018

    Comment


    • With the inauguration of Kay Ivey, fifty-four persons have served as governor of the State of Alabama (not counting those who served as acting governor or post-Civil War military governor).



      Number Governor Elected County Term Political Party
      53 Robert J. Bentley Tuscaloosa 2011-2017 Republican
      52 Bob Riley Clay 2003-2011 Republican
      51 Don Siegelman Mobile 1999-2003 Democrat
      Forrest "Fob" James Lee 1/16 1995-1999 Republican
      50 James E. Folsom, Jr. Cullman April 22,1993-1995 Democrat
      (Lieutenant Governor Jim Folsom, Jr. became governor upon conviction of Guy Hunt for ethics violations)
      49 Guy Hunt Cullman 1/19 1987-April 22, 1993 Republican
      George C. Wallace Barbour 1/17 1983-1987 Democrat
      48 Forrest "Fob" James Lee 1/15 1979-1983 Democrat
      Jere Beasley Barbour June 5-July 7,1972 ***Democrat
      (Lieutenant Governor Jere Beasley became acting governor while Governor George Wallacewas in a Maryland hospital for more than 20 days recovering from an assassination attempt)
      George C. Wallace Barbour 1/18 1971-1979 Democrat
      47 Albert P. Brewer Morgan 5/7 1968-1971 Democrat
      (Lieutenant Governor Albert Brewer became acting governor for a portion of one day as Governor Lurleen Wallace received medical treatment out-of-state for more than 20 days. He became governor upon the death of Lurleen Wallace)
      46 Lurleen B. Wallace Tuscaloosa 1/16 1967-1968 Democrat
      45 George C. Wallace Barbour 1/14 1963-1967 Democrat
      44 John Patterson Russell 1/19 1959-1963 Democrat
      James E. Folsom Cullman 1/17 1955-1959 Democrat
      43 Gordon Persons Montgomery 1/15 1951-1955 Democrat
      42 James E. Folsom Cullman 1/20 1947-1951 Democrat
      41 Chauncey Sparks Barbour 1/19 1943-1947 Democrat
      40 Frank M. Dixon Jefferson 1/17 1939-1943 Democrat
      Bibb Graves Montgomery 1/14 1935-1939 Democrat
      39 Benjamin M. Miller Wilcox 1/19 1931-1935 Democrat
      38 Bibb Graves Montgomery 1/17 1927-1931 Democrat
      Charles McDowell Barbour July 10-11, 1924*** Democrat
      (Lieutenant Governor Charles McDowell became acting governor when Gov. Brandon spent 21 days in New York City chairing the state delegation to the 1924 Democratic Convention. According to the 1901 Constitution, if the governor is out of the state more than 20 days, the lieutenant governor becomes acting governor)
      37 William W. Brandon Tuscaloosa 1/15 1923-1927 Democrat
      36 Thomas E. Kilby Calhoun 1/20 1919-1923 Democrat
      35 Charles Henderson Pike 1/18 1915-1919 Democrat
      34 Emmet O'Neal Lauderdale 1/17 1911-1915 Democrat
      33 Braxton B. Comer Jefferson 1/14 1907-1911 Democrat
      Russell Cunningham Jefferson April 25, 1904-March 5, 1905 Democrat
      (Lieutenant Governor** Russell Cunningham became acting governor during Governor Jelks'illness)
      32 William D. Jelks Barbour 6/11 1901-1907 Democrat
      (President of Senate, William Jelks became governor upon the death of Governor Samford: subsequently he was elected to a four-year term as governor)
      31 William J. Samford Lee 12/26 1900-1901 Democrat
      William D. Jelks Barbour December 1-26, 1900 Democrat
      (President of the Senate, William Jelks became acting governor because Governor William Samford sought medical treatment out-of-state during the initial days of his administration which began December 1, 1900)
      30 Joseph F. Johnston Jefferson 12/1 1896-1900
      29 William C. Oates Henry 12/1 1894-1896 Democrat
      28 Thomas G. Jones Montgomery 12/1 1890-1894 Democrat
      27 Thomas Seay Hale 12/1 1886-1890 Democrat
      "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
      Nick Saban 9/10/2016

      “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
      Nick Saban 05/29/2018

      “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
      Nick Saban 06/13/2018

      Comment


      • With the inauguration of Kay Ivey, fifty-four persons have served as governor of the State of Alabama (not counting those who served as acting governor or post-Civil War military governor).



        Number Governor Elected County Term Political Party
        26 Edward A. O'Neal Lauderdale 12/1 1882-1886 Democrat
        25 Rufus W. Cobb Shelby 11/28 1878-1882 Democrat
        24 George S. Houston Limestone 11/24 1874-1878 Democrat
        23 David P. Lewis Madison 11/17 1872-1874 Republican
        22 Robert B. Lindsay Colbert 11/26 1870-1872 Democrat
        21 William H. Smith Randolph 7/24 1868-1870 Republican
        Wager Swayne Montgomery 1867-1868
        (Appointed military governor)
        20 Robert M. Patton Lauderdale 12-13 1865 December - 1867 Pre-War Whig
        19 Lewis E. Parsons Talladega 1865 June - December Democrat
        (Appointed provisional governor)
        18 Thomas H. Watts Montgomery 12/1 1863-1865 Democrat
        17 John G. Shorter Barbour 12/2 1861-1863 Democrat
        16 Andrew B. Moore Perry 12/1 1857-1861 Democrat
        15 John A. Winston Sumter 12/20 1853-1857 Democrat
        14 Henry W. Collier Tuscaloosa 12/17 1849-1853 Democrat
        13 Reuben Chapman Madison 12/16 1847-1849 Democrat
        12 Joshua L. Martin Tuscaloosa 12/10 1845-1847 Democrat
        11 Benjamin Fitzpatrick Autauga 11/22 1841-1845 Democrat
        10 Arthur P. Bagby Monroe 11/22 1837-1841 Democrat
        9 Hugh McVay Lauderdale 7/17 - 11/22 1837 Democrat
        (President of the Senate, Hugh McVay became governor upon Governor Clay's appointment to the U.S. Senate)
        8 Clement Comer Clay Madison 11/21 1835-1837 Democrat
        7 John Gayle Greene 11/26 1831-1835 Democrat/Whig
        6 Samuel B. Moore Jackson 3/3 1831 Democrat
        (President of the Senate, Samuel Moore became governor upon Governor Gabriel Moore'selection to the U.S. Senate)
        5 Gabriel Moore Madison 11/25 1829-1831 Democrat
        4 John Murphy Monroe 11/25 1825-1829 Democrat
        3 Israel Pickens Greene 11/9 1821-1825 Democrat
        2 Thomas Bibb Limestone 7/25 1820-1821 Democrat
        (President of the Senate, Thomas Bibb became governor upon the death of his brother Governor William Bibb)
        1 William Wyatt Bibb Autauga 11/9 1819-1820 Democrat

        NOTES:
        * Initially, the governor served a two-year term. The Alabama Constitution of 1901 set the term at four years and prohibited a governor from serving two consecutive terms. Constitutional Amendment No. 282, ratified in 1968, allows the governor to serve two consecutive terms.
        ** The Constitution of 1901 designated the lieutenant governor as next in line to succeed the governor followed by the president pro tem of the Senate.
        *** The Constitution of 1901 states that if the governor is absent from the state for more than 20 days, then the lieutenant governor shall assume the powers and duties of the governor until his return.
        "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
        Nick Saban 9/10/2016

        “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
        Nick Saban 05/29/2018

        “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
        Nick Saban 06/13/2018

        Comment


        • The Official Alabama State Bible





          The State Bible was purchased for use by the Executive Department in 1853. It has been used continuously by the state for the inauguration of Alabama governors since that time. On the flyleaf of the Bible is an inscription: "Executive Office, Alabama, 1853."

          In 1861, when Jefferson Davis took the oath of office as President of the provisional government of the Confederate States of America, he also used the State Bible. Inside the front cover is a notation by Judge John Phelan who served as Clerk of the Alabama Supreme Court from 1856 to 1864, attesting to the fact that this was the Bible used by Davis. An affidavit was added to the flyleaf in 1884 by Judge Phelan's son, Ellis, who served as Secretary of State. This affidavit states that the handwriting on the note is that of Judge Phelan, who did in fact witness the inauguration of Davis.



          Contemporary newspapers described the inauguration of Davis in considerable detail. After Davis's inaugural address, the oath was administered by Howell Cobb, President of the Provisional Congress. According to one newspaper report, "President Davis kissed the Bible, and then, turning to the vast assemblage, said with deep and solemn emphasis, 'So help me God'."



          The Bible is kept in the Alabama Department of Archives and History. When not in use, it is on exhibit in the department's second floor Sampler Gallery.
          "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
          Nick Saban 9/10/2016

          “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
          Nick Saban 05/29/2018

          “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
          Nick Saban 06/13/2018

          Comment


          • Alabama's last Poet Laureate - Andrew Glaze
             
            "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
            Nick Saban 9/10/2016

            “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
            Nick Saban 05/29/2018

            “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
            Nick Saban 06/13/2018

            Comment




            • Alabama's Oldest Restaurant

              Bright Star Restaurant (In original location)

              Location: 304 19th St., Bessemer, Ala.

              Open since: 1907
              "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
              Nick Saban 9/10/2016

              “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
              Nick Saban 05/29/2018

              “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
              Nick Saban 06/13/2018

              Comment





              • Alabama's Oldest Hotel

                Redmont Hotel (Continuously operating in same building)

                Location: 2101 Fifth Ave. N., Birmingham, Ala.

                Open since: 1925
                "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
                Nick Saban 9/10/2016

                “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
                Nick Saban 05/29/2018

                “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
                Nick Saban 06/13/2018

                Comment


                • Sid Youngleman
                  Sid Youngleman commented
                  Editing a comment
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              • Alabama's Oldest Hardware Store

                Harrison Brothers Hardware (In original location)

                Location: 124 Southside Square, Huntsville, Ala.

                Open since: 1879
                "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
                Nick Saban 9/10/2016

                “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
                Nick Saban 05/29/2018

                “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
                Nick Saban 06/13/2018

                Comment




                • Alabama's Oldest Utility

                  Alabama Power

                  Location: 1313 Sixth Ave. N., Birmingham, Ala.

                  Operating since: 1906
                  "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
                  Nick Saban 9/10/2016

                  “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
                  Nick Saban 05/29/2018

                  “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
                  Nick Saban 06/13/2018

                  Comment





                  • Alabama's Oldest Drug Store

                    Milner-Rushing Drugs

                    Location: 869 Florence Boulevard, Florence, Ala.

                    Open since: 1853
                    "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
                    Nick Saban 9/10/2016

                    “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
                    Nick Saban 05/29/2018

                    “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
                    Nick Saban 06/13/2018

                    Comment





                    • Alabama's Oldest Ice Cream Parlor/Sandwich Shop

                      Trowbridge's (In original location)

                      Location: 316 N. Court St. Florence, Ala.

                      Open since: 1918
                      "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
                      Nick Saban 9/10/2016

                      “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
                      Nick Saban 05/29/2018

                      “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
                      Nick Saban 06/13/2018

                      Comment





                      • Alabama's Oldest Jeweler and Family Owned Retailer

                        Bromberg & Co., oldest family-owned retailer in America

                        Location: Headquarters (not retail) on 20th Street in Birmingham

                        Open since: 1836. Founded in Mobile and expanded.
                        "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
                        Nick Saban 9/10/2016

                        “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
                        Nick Saban 05/29/2018

                        “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
                        Nick Saban 06/13/2018

                        Comment




                        • Alabama's Oldest Coffee Importer

                          Royal Cup Coffee

                          Location: 160 Cleage Drive, Birmingham, Ala.

                          Open since: 1896

                          "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
                          Nick Saban 9/10/2016

                          “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
                          Nick Saban 05/29/2018

                          “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
                          Nick Saban 06/13/2018

                          Comment





                          • Alabama's Oldest Barbecue Restaurant

                            Golden Rule Bar-B-Q

                            Location: 2505 Crestwood Boulevard, Irondale

                            Open since: 1891 (in this location since the 1970s).
                            "There were no arguments, those were ass chewings....."
                            Nick Saban 9/10/2016

                            “I don’t know who is driving all this stuff, but to me it’s kind of like mouse manure when you’re up to your ears in elephant doo-doo,"
                            Nick Saban 05/29/2018

                            “You’re ruining the game with RPOs and illegal guys downfield. And you think it should be legal. You think it’s normal. Kiss my ass.”
                            Nick Saban 06/13/2018

                            Comment

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